Eastern Europe is known as one of the world’s top IT outsourcing markets thanks to its quality to price ratio and a growing talent pool. Apart from cost-saving, many US and European companies choose Ukrainian, Polish, Hungarian, Bulgarian, and Romanian developers for their skills, experience, and ability to work well in cross-cultural teams.  

The choice of the outsourcing destination usually depends on many factors, including service quality, talent availability, as well as the business ecosystem. In this article, we will focus on:

Number of developers in Romania and Ukraine and talent inflow

Both Romania and Ukraine are in the top 3 countries by the number of software developers in Eastern Europe. Ukraine has over 192,000 developers. As for Romania, there are nearly 119,000 IT experts. Romanian developers are ranked 23 by SkillValue and 20 by TopCoders, while Ukrainian developers occupy the fifth and six positions respectively.

Number of software developers in Romania and Ukraine: skillvalue, topsider ranking, ICT graduates

Many developing countries of Eastern Europe are widely known as the home to the world’s best chess players, mathematicians, and engineers, including software developers [2,3].

For Romania and Ukraine, the industrialization of the second half of the 20th century resulted in the boom of technical education. The educational background gives Ukrainian and Romanian developers the high ground on the global software development market. As for IT education in Romania, a little over 7,500 new specialists graduate from local universities and colleges, while Ukrainian universities and colleges have 16,000 ICT and 23,000 engineering grads every year.

Hard skills of Ukrainian and Romanian developers

What is the most popular technology among Romanian developers? In Romania, many developers specialise in JavaScript, SQL, and PHP. Whereas in Ukraine, the most widespread technology is Java, followed by JS, C#, and Python, representing the country’s expertise in enterprise solutions, custom software and application developments, as well as the growing interest in machine learning and data science.  

Most popular programming languages among Ukrainian and Romani developers

Let’s take a closer look at the tech talent available in Ukraine and Romania. LinkedIn suggests that there are a little under 50,000 Java developers, 44,000+ JavaScript developers, 27,000 PHP developers, 24,000 Python developers, and 14,000 .NET developers in Romania. Ukrainian tech talent pool is 48% larger than Romania. There are 50,000+ Java developers, 58,000 JS experts, 46,000 PHP developers, 33,000 Python engineers, and 21,000 .NET developers. 

Number of Java, JS, PHP, Python, and .NET developers in Romania and Ukraine

There are also nearly 14,500 Cloud engineers in Romania. Ukraine has a slightly larger pool of Cloud specialists - 21,800. The similar difference is in the number of DevOps experts - 5,600 and 9,600 respectively. 

English Proficiency

Both Ukrainian and Romanian developers have strong communication skills and sufficient level of English.knowledge Romania scored 589 in the EF English Proficiency Index (2020 ranking). A  lot of high school students also learn French [4]. That makes Romanian IT developers attractive for French companies who are looking to outsource development to Eastern Europe.

English proficiency of Ukrainian and Romanian developers

Ukraine is a country with moderate English proficiency (other countries with moderate proficiency are Italy, Belarus, Hong Kong). However, in the IT sector, the situation is better. According to DOU.ua, the number of IT professionals with fluent English skills is 47%, and of those with intermediate level is 34%. The competition among professionals in the field is high, and English is a must to be hired by any company. 

Cultural affinity with the US, EU, and UK clients

Cultural compatibility and mutual understanding with your outsourcing partner is an important point to consider when choosing an IT outsourcing destination. Both Romania and Ukraine have a close cultural affinity to the UK, US, and EU. 

Software developers Romania and Ukraine: cultural compatibility

Both Ukrainian and Romanian developers are known for common sense, positive and flexible attitude, high responsibility, and a good sense of teamwork. Ukrainian developers have experience in communicating with foreign clients, mostly from the US, the UK, and Western Europe. Many of them have international education or working experience abroad. Together with general emotional intelligence, it makes a great combination to deliver high quality software products.

Software developers’ rates in Romania and Ukraine

Deloitt’s survey [5] states that cost reduction is once again one of the top reasons for IT outsourcing. As a result, many companies are looking for outsourcing destinations that can offer high quality services for a lower price range. Let’s take a look at the comparison of the average annual rates in the US, Canada, the UK, and Europe. 

Rates of software developers in Romania, Ukraine, and worldwide

Both in Ukraine and Romania, developers are paid 20% to 50% lower compared to European or American markets. However, this does not compromise the quality of their services. Eastern European countries have a lower cost of living and taxes, and IT outsourcing companies can offer lower rates there.

Business climate and software industry overview in Romania and Ukraine

Eastern European IT sector has seen continuous growth over the last decade, despite political issues and the economic crisis. Both countries take necessary steps to maintain the IT sector growth rate. While having a similar turnover of the software and IT services sector ($4.5B in 2019), Ukraine shows a higher growth rate compared to Romania.

Business climate and software industry overview in Romania and Ukraine

Ukraine ranks 20th in the Global Services Location Index, 8 positions higher than Romania. However, Romania has scored better in the Doing Business index by the Wold Bank. 

Next, let’s take a look at the number of IT services providers in both countries. Clutch lists 25 companies with 250+ Romanian developers and only four companies with over 1,000 software developers in Romania. On the contrary, Ukraine has over 40 vendors that employ more than 250 engineers and 13 firms that have more than 1,000 contractors. 

Software development outsourcing providers in Ukraine and Romania by the number of developers

The recent study [1] shows that 75% of Romanian software development companies work for foreign clients. They include European (74%) and the US (22%) companies, with a tiny share of other countries. On the other hand, Ukrainian software development companies work primarily for foreign clients (US - 50%, UK & EU - 35%, 8% - Canada, and others). 

R&D centers in Romania and Ukraine

Both countries have experience working with tech giants from all over the world. Such international giants as Samsung, Ericsson, Boeing, Oracle, Siemens, Wargaming, UpWork, Google, Cisco and over 100 other global companies of different industries, including gaming, telecommunications, software, and e-commerce have chosen Ukraine as a location for their R&D centers and offices. Romanian developers work for R&D centers of IBM, Siemens, Adobe, Intel, and Oracle.

Hire Romanian developers

Summing up

Many American and European companies choose Eastern European outsourcing firms as partners for augmentation of their onsite IT departments. Among the many reasons are cost-effective outsourcing, well-developed infrastructure, as well as the experience and qualification of both Ukrainian and Romania developers. 

Providing services of the highest quality, Ukrainian and Romanian developers are successfully using a chance to show the global IT community what they are capable of.

Why choose N-iX for outsourcing software development in Eastern Europe?

  1. N-iX has a talent pool of over 2,000 tech experts. Our recruitment team consists of 60+ experts and we have a database of 160,000 experts from Poland, Ukraine, and Bulgaria. 
  2. We have a strong employer brand, which helps us attract top tech talent. 
  3. With almost 20 years in the market, the company has formed long-term, strategic partnerships with businesses from the USA, UK, Germany, Nordic countries, and other locations.
  4. We have been recognized as a trusted vendor by Zinnov, IAOP, GSA, Inc. 5000, Software 500, Clutch.co, and others.  N-iX has been repeatedly recognized by CRN among the leading solution providers in North America in their ratings, including Solution Provider 500 and CRN Fast Growth 150.
  5. N-iX is a certified AWS partner, a Microsoft gold certified partner, a Google Cloud Platform Partner, an Opentext Services silver partner, and a SAP partner.

Explore other IT outsourcing locations in Eastern Europe


  1. Software development in Ukraine, Poland, Belarus and Romania [Report]
  2. Where to find the best developers in 2019? SkillValue Report by Pentalog
  3. TopCoder Country Rankings
  4. Over 95% of Romanian secondary school students study at least two foreign languages by Romania-Insider.com
  5. 2020 Global Outsourcing Survey by Deloitte 


Have a question?

Speak to an expert
N-iX Staff
Taras Petriv
Associate Director

Required fields*

Up to 3 attachments. The total size of attachments should not exceed 5Mb.

Table of contents

logo logo