The best place for IT outsourcing: Bulgaria vs Ukraine

In our series about Eastern European outsourcing, we discuss essential criteria of choosing a destination, as well as the pros and cons of every country. In this article, we are going to compare IT outsourcing in Bulgaria and Ukraine, focusing on:  Benefits of geographical proximity and c...

The best place for IT outsourcing: Bulgaria vs Ukraine

In our series about Eastern European outsourcing, we discuss essential criteria of choosing a destination, as well as the pros and cons of every country. In this article, we are going to compare IT outsourcing in Bulgaria and Ukraine, focusing on: 

  • Benefits of geographical proximity and convenience of these locations;
  • Availability of the tech talent for successful IT outsourcing to Bulgaria or Ukraine;
  • State of the IT industry in both areas.

Also, we will provide you with a visual summary of this article. 


Bulgaria and Ukraine are known as convenient nearshoring options for European countries, as well as great options for companies from the UK and US. Both countries are located within the same time zone (GMT+2), so both Bulgarian and Ukrainian developers are available for contact and work within the convenient time slots from any country in the world. 

Time difference for IT outsourcing with Bulgaria and Ukraine

Another aspect is the convenience for business trips and onsite visits. Bulgaria has four public airports, which provide connection with 83 destinations in 30 countries. Ukraine offers even better connection, with 13 airports all over the country hosting flights from 111 destinations in 50 countries. 

Major IT hubs in Bulgaria and Ukraine 

Bulgarian IT industry is concentrated within the four major IT cities. Sofia is the largest IT hub in the country, housing nearly 70% of developers and IT companies in Bulgaria. 

Largest IT cities in Bulgaria and Ukraine

Ukraine, on the other hand, has five big cities that house nearly 79% of all developers in the country. They are Kyiv (37%), Lviv (15%), Kharkiv (14%), Dnipro (8%), and Odesa (5%). 

Number of professional developers in Bulgaria and Ukraine 

Another crucial aspect of IT outsourcing is the availability of experts in the chosen location. In terms of software development outsourcing, both Bulgaria and Ukraine have a decent tech talent pool of experts.

IT outsourcing in Bulgaria and Ukraine: number of professional developers and their ranking

Bulgaria has over 70,000 IT professionals, while Ukranian tech talent pool has reached 184,700 IT experts. Both countries are known for highly-skilled developers, whose expertise has been recognized by many rankings. 

Most popular technologies in Bulgaria and Ukraine 

In Bulgaria, C# is the most popular programming language, followed by Java, JS, and PHP. Ukrainian IT industry seems to have a bigger interest in Java and JS, as well as C# and Python. 

Most popular technologies in Bulgaria and Ukraine

Tech education in Bulgaria and Ukraine

Every year, nearly 2,000 IT specialists graduate from Bulgarian universities [Eurostat]. Around 220 high schools offer tech courses, including software engineering, information technologies, and other IT-related subjects. The IT industry in Bulgaria has a significant impact on higher educational institutions, encouraging them to launch new courses. Thus, more than 15 Bulgarian universities included ICT classes as a part of their educational programs. Among the most renowned institutions that provide IT education are the Technical University of Gabrovo, Technical University of Sofia, Technical University of Varna, etc. Moreover, many Bulgarian students study English as a compulsory subject, which contributes to the overall high English proficiency in the region.

Tech education in Bulgaria and Ukraine

Ukraine has a strong tech education with more than 15,000 highly qualified ICT graduates and more than 23,000 engineering grads every year. Many of the 400+ educational institutions have IT-related programs. The most famous universities with tech programs are National Taras Shevchenko University of Kyiv, National Technical University of Ukraine “Kyiv Polytechnic Institute”, V. N. Karazin Kharkiv National University, National Technical University of Ukraine "Igor Sikorsky Kyiv Polytechnic Institute, and Lviv Polytechnic National University.  Many Ukrainian universities have also launched IT programs in IoT, Artificial Intelligence, Data Science, etc. Most Ukrainian developers have a good command of the English language, despite the moderate English proficiency of the general population. 

Bulgarian developers

IT market dynamics and business climate 

Another critical aspect is the attractiveness of the chosen outsourcing destination for business. Besides cost-efficiency and a large tech talent pool, companies should know about the local IT industry, ease of doing business there, and the country's policies to support investors. 

Comparison of Ukrainian and Bulgarian IT industry 

As of 2018, the turnover of the IT industry in Bulgaria has reached $2.5B, becoming a 3.8% share of Bulgarian GDP. Moreover, around 69% of Bulgarian IT professionals work in local private companies. The country has a rather high number of R&D offices of multinational tech giants like HP, SAP, Johnson Controls, Oracle, VMware, CISCO, ProSyst, and Atos. 

IT services export in Bulgaria and Ukraine

Ukrainian IT outsourcing market has reached $4.5B, with over 4% of the country’s GDP. The majority of software development companies work for clients abroad [USA, UK, Europe, and Canada]. The country has over 100 R&D centers of global companies from a variety of industries, including software, gaming, telecoms, and e-commerce. This list includes companies such as Microsoft, Samsung Electronics, Apple, Wargaming, Boeing, Skype, eBay, Siemens, IBM, and others. Also, such global tech companies as PetCube, Grammarly, DepositPhotos, Jooble, Viewdle (bought by Google Inc. for about USD 45 million), CleanMyMac have all started in Ukraine.

Ukrainian and Bulgarian IT companies in numbers 

Clutch lists 130+ expert software development companies in Bulgaria. However, there are only 12 companies with 250-999 employees and three vendors that employ 1000+ IT professionals. These companies work with clients in various domains, including banking, healthcare, and education. 

IT outsourcing companies in Bulgaria

Ukrainian software development market has a larger number of companies, which represent different domains. Clutch lists 580 companies, with 14 of them in the leaders’ matrix. These companies have expertise in banking and finance, security, travel & tourism, etc. 

IT outsourcing companies in Bulgaria

Business climate

The Bulgarian government is aiming to improve the country’s business environment by offering a range of incentives for foreign investors. The country currently has one of the lowest rates of personal income tax in the European Union, and it  provides fiscal citizenship to foreign nationals who work in Bulgaria. The software development outsourcing to Bulgaria has improved the country’s score in many rankings. In 2015, Bulgaria was named “Offshoring Destination of The Year” by the UK’s National Outsourcing Association (NOA). Among other notable achievements is the 17 place on Global Services Location Index  in the 2019 A.T. Kearney ranking, as well as improved Ease of Doing Business score. 

Bulgaria and Ukrainian Ranking in AT Kearney Global Services Location Index and Doing Business Index

Ukraine’s business environment is evolving quickly. Starting a business is now much easier due to the simplified taxation system and improved registration procedures. As a result, Ukraine moved up 20+ positions since 2014 in the World Bank’s Ease of Doing Business 2019 ranking (71 position). Moreover, the World Economic Forum ranks Ukraine 68 out of 140 countries in its Global Competitiveness Index, with high scores in education, business sophistication, healthcare, and innovation. Local authorities recognize the need to support and develop the Ukrainian IT-industry as a strategically important area for the country’s evolution. 


Both Ukraine and Bulgaria are growing quickly and keeping up with the latest trends on the software development market. Ukraine remains one of the top IT outsourcing destinations in Eastern Europe due to its impressive talent pool, moderate prices, a constantly developing business infrastructure, and the interest in the latest trends. While Bulgaria offers an attractive investment climate and creates excellent opportunities for business growth. So, depending on your business needs, you may decide which of these destinations is better for you and choose your best IT outsourcing provider for a successful long-term partnership.

Why choose N-iX for IT outsourcing in Bulgaria or Ukraine

With a large number of companies on the market, it might be hard to choose the vendor. Here are several reasons to consider N-iX for IT outsourcing to Bulgaria and Ukraine:

  • N-iX has a development center in Sofia, as well as offices in Ukraine (Kyiv, Lviv), Poland, Belarus, Sweden, and the USA.
  • We have over 17 years of experience in the IT market and employ more than 900 software developers.
  • N-iX has many industry recognitions (Clutch, GoodFirms, OpenText and Microsoft partner, GSA, Inc. 5000, Software 500, IAOP, and many more.

If you have any questions about IT outsourcing to Bulgaria or Ukraine, make sure to contact our experts.

explore other outsourcing destinations in the region

Visual summary of IT industry progress an IT outsourcing in Bulgaria and Ukraine

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By Nadia Serheichuk April 05, 2019
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N-iX is an Eastern European software development service company that helps businesses across the globe expand their engineering capabilities and develop successful software products. Founded in 2002, N-iX has formed strategic partnerships with a variety of global industry leaders and Fortune 500 companies, including OpenText, Fluke Corporation, AVL, Lebara, Currencycloud, RateSetter, TuneIn, and many others. With more than 1,700 professionals, N-iX offers expert solutions in software engineering, cloud-native services, data analytics, embedded software, IoT, machine learning, and other tech domains covering a wide variety of sectors, including finance, manufacturing, telecom, supply chain, to name a few.

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